The arrests of Uyghurs in Xinjiang province have increased in recent years. The Chinese government has imposed various restrictions on them. At least 2 million Uighurs and other Muslim minorities in the province are thought to have been forcibly detained, according to a State Department report. Evidence of this has also been found from the victims. One-time detainees in Xinjiang have complained of being forced into political ideologies, forced to act against their will, tortured, and even sexually harassed. However, China has always denied these allegations of human rights violations. On the contrary, they have claimed that these prisons are 'technical training centers'.
"We've had a very difficult time for years," Tuhan said. But what’s happening now is worse. ’Referring to the Taliban’s seizure of power, he said,‘ The Taliban will soon know we are Uyghurs. Our lives are in danger now. 'As a result, Tuhan and other Uyghurs are afraid of what will happen in the future. They are afraid of being forcibly deported to China.
According to Shawn Roberts, a professor at George Washington University in the United States, 3,000 more Uighurs like Tuhan live in Afghanistan. In a book, The War on the Uyghurs, he writes that Uyghurs are a minority in Afghanistan, a country of more than 36 million people. After the Chinese Communist Party occupied Xinjiang in 1949, many Uyghurs fled to Afghanistan. In addition, many like Tuhan emigrated in the 1980s. Such incidents happened last year as well. They fled south of Xinjiang.
Although most Uighurs living in Afghanistan have been granted citizenship, their identity cards still bear the words "Chinese refugees." One such refugee is Abdul Aziz Naseri. His parents fled Xinjiang in 1986 to Afghanistan. Aziz was born in Kabul. But still the 'Chinese refugee' written on his identity card.
Nasseri is currently living in Turkey. He said he had collected the names of more than a hundred family members who wanted to leave Afghanistan. He said the Uyghurs are afraid of China. Because, behind the scenes, the Taliban is working with China. They may be sent back to China, this is the fear they are getting.
China-Taliban 'good friend'
Many experts believe that there are good reasons for Uyghurs to be apprehensive. Last July, a high-level Taliban delegation visited Tianjin, China. There they met with Chinese Foreign Minister Wang Yi. At the time, Wang described the Taliban as "an important military and political force in Afghanistan." Wang also assured that China would play an important role in the peace and reconstruction process in Afghanistan.
At the time, the Taliban also declared China a "good friend." The Taliban has also said it will not allow any anti-China activities using Afghan territory. Last week, Taliban spokesman Jabiullah Mujahid raised the issue again. "China is our most important and strong neighbor," he told CGTN, China's state broadcaster. We have had very good relations with them in the past as well. "He added:" We want to further strengthen this relationship and improve mutual trust.
Professor Shaun Roberts said the Taliban could send Uighurs back to China in the hope of getting more help from China. He added that the Taliban had a number of reasons for supporting China in gaining international recognition. In addition, the Taliban is relying on China as no alternative international community has come forward for financial assistance.
In recent years, Uighurs from around the world have been repatriated to Xinjiang. Among the countries from which these Uyghurs have been repatriated are many Muslim countries. Uighur Muslims have been deported from Egypt, the United Arab Emirates and Saudi Arabia at China's request. A report by the Uyghur Human Rights Project, published last June, states that at least 395 Uyghur Muslims have been deported to China since 1998.
However, China is not paying attention to this information. The Chinese Foreign Ministry says the Uyghur Human Rights Project is a separatist organization. These so-called reports have no credibility or basis.